Understanding Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
Deep vein thrombosis also known as DVT is the name for a blood clot in a vein. These are most common in your legs, in a large vein running through your calf and thigh. DVT causes pain and swelling in your leg, and if the blood clot breaks loose and travels to your lungs can be life threatening.
If you have the following DVT symptoms you should seek medical assistance as soon as possible:
- pain, swelling and redness in your leg
- a heavy ache, joint pain and soreness
- fever or warm skin around the clot
- quickened heart beat
- cough, chest pain or shortness of breath
If you have a blood clot in your leg then flexing your foot upwards may result in a sharp pain. Other ways it can be diagnosed are through an ultrasound, x-ray or blood test.
Deep Vein Thrombosis causes
Deep vein thrombosis is often caused through lack of mobility. This could be due to any number of reasons such as bed rest following surgery or long periods of sitting such as when flying. Other causes can be an injury, pregnancy or infection.
Anyone can develop DVT which becomes more common with age. A family history of thrombosis (blood clots), smoking, being overweight or obese, or medical conditions such as heart failure or cancer puts you at higher risk. Once you have suffered from one blood clot you are more at risk of getting more in the future.
How to Treat DVT
If you have a blood clot your treatment will potentially involve hospitalisation, bed rest and anti-coagulant (anti blood clotting) drugs. Together these will help lower the risk of the blood clot travelling to your lungs causing a potentially fatal pulmonary embolism. The medication will also help prevent more blood clots from forming or the existing blood clot from growing bigger. The most commonly known DVT treatment is Warfarin. Usually you will be given another drug Heparin initially and then Warfarin to help prevent more clots.
How to Prevent Deep Vein Thrombosis
To help prevent DVT it is important to reduce risk factors by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and avoiding staying still for prolonged periods. If you spend long periods sitting down try to remember to either get up for a walk or do some sitting leg and ankle exercises to help boost your circulation.
If you are at risk of deep vein thrombosis, including during pregnancy, then you may want to consider a product like Veinoplus. This clinically proven medical device is easily used at home to improve your circulation, reduce swelling and relieve aching legs. It does this using NEMS and TENS therapy to stimulate muscles in your leg. It can reduce the risk of DVT and also help with painful, swollen legs and varicose veins.