Bunions are bony, swollen lumps that form on the inside of the foot next to the big toe. They are often painful to walk on and can be worsened by wearing tight or high shoes. If you have a bunion, your big toe will also become angled so that it points towards the rest of your toes, and can turn so that the nail also faces your other toes rather than pointing upwards. Bunions are more common in women than in men.
Causes and Symptoms of Bunions
It is not fully known what causes bunions, although it is thought that wearing shoes that are too small, ill-fitting or high-heeled can contribute to the development of bunions in the long term.
As mentioned, bunions can make walking painful. You may also experience general pain in the ball of the foot or big toe joint, and develop a swollen big toe. If the bunion rubs against your shoe, the skin can become sore, blistered or infected. Another potential complication is bursitis. This is when a fluid-filled space called a bursa forms underneath the skin.
How to Treat Bunions
The only way to actually get rid of a bunion is with surgery—which may be an option if your doctor thinks it is necessary. However, there are lots of things you can do to reduce the pain and swelling caused by your bunions and make walking more comfortable.
The most important measure you can take is to wear suitable footwear. You should choose wide-fitting, flat shoes with soft soles. You want to but as little pressure on your bunions as possible. High heels should be avoided at all costs!
To reduce pain and swelling you can take over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol and ibuprofen. Applying an ice pack to the area is also recommended for reducing swelling.
If you are overweight, then losing weight can also help to reduce bunion pain, by taking additional pressure off your feet when you are walking around.
Insoles for Bunions
Insoles can really help to minimise the pain experienced with bunions. The Luxis Insoles we sell at Tower Health provide specialised cushioning for sensitive feet. Made from breathable sheep leather, these insoles shape themselves to your individual foot shape for an ultra-comfortable, customised fit. They are also shock-absorbing, reducing impact to the feet when walking, in turn easing pain. An added advantage is that they help to redistribute your weight and improve your posture.
Other foot conditions
If you suffer from any other foot conditions, then make sure you have a browse of our entire foot and leg care category. We have great solutions for a variety of different common foot ailments. Many, such as these Luxis Insoles, actually combat several issues at once (the insoles help with bunions, corns, calluses and flat feet).
If you would like some more information on these insoles or on other Tower Health products, then please do not hesitate to get in touch with our team for some friendly and professional advice. Call us on 0800 953 1666 or use our online chat feature.